A Spiraling Power Struggle? That Is the Least of Many Haitians’ Concerns.

In a country where food is scarce and the land can shake underfoot at any moment, political infighting is just one crisis among many.


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The country’s prime minister was linked to the president’s assassination. A senator tried taking power. A shooting meant to stop the takeover paralyzed the center of the capital, Port-au-Prince.

The dramatic sequence of events unfolded over a single day, Tuesday. But most Haitians carried on with a shrug, seeing the struggle — if they noticed it at all — as another chapter in the infighting of political elites whose machinations have little bearing on their lives.

“There is nothing that has ever worked well under any president I have known,” said Luckner Augustin, a 27-year-old handyman in Port-au-Prince. “They only care about stuffing their pockets with money.”

Long accustomed to turmoil, the Haitian population has found its resilience pushed to the limit by a cascade of overlapping crises in the past few months.

Just since July, when President Jovenel Moise was shot, they’ve faced a devastating earthquake and flash floods, disasters that left over 2,000 dead and many more injured and displaced, adding to the toll that poverty, hunger and increasing violence already exact on the country.


A house that collapsed during the 7.2-magnitude earthquake that hit Haiti last month.Credit…Adriana Zehbrauskas for The New York Times

And then on Tuesday, a power struggle that has simmered since the assassination of Mr. Moise in July burst into the open.

Outside the better-off neighborhoods in the hills of Port-au-Prince, few in the country have the energy to follow the jostling by political factions vying to fill the vacuum left by the death of Mr. Moise.

After centuries of alternating neglect and repression, Haitians have learned to expect little from the political class claiming to represent them. They know they have only themselves to depend on for survival, many said.

Even the influx of foreign aid, intended to help after the devastation wrought by the earthquake of 2010, appears to have only deepened the country’s instability.

The dispute for the nation’s leadership may be taking place on the doorstep of many Haitians in Port-au-Prince, but even so, it can feel far away.

“I don’t follow politics,” said Kino Saint-Lot, a 24-year-old juice vendor in Port-au-Prince. “Things are already hard as they are.”

The daily concerns for most are simple: finding their next meal tops the list, many said. Then there is the matter of trying to navigate the violent streets, where kidnapping is a constant risk, even for small children. Power, water service and fuel are sporadic; parts of the city have been made impassable by gang warfare.


Unloading an aid shipment of rice in a church.Credit…Adriana Zehbrauskas for The New York Times

The cumulative disasters and the sense that leaders come and go, but change little, have left many with low expectations.

“The country is in the hands of a small group of people,” said Jean Remy Saint-Clair, a 65-year-old construction worker in Port-au-Prince. “A small clique lives well while the rest lives in misery.”

Haiti’s rural south has its own problems.

Residents there are still displaced and struggling to rebuild after the earthquake last month, which killed more than 2,000 people. Many are aware only dimly, if at all, of the latest twists of the political infighting that has paralyzed the government.

The Assassination of Haiti’s President

An assassination strikes a troubled nation: The killing of President Jovenel Moise on July 7 has rocked Haiti, stoking fear and confusion about the future. While there is much we do know about this event, there’s still much we don’t know.A figure at the center of the plot: Questions are swirling over the arrest of Dr. Christian Emmanuel Sanon, 63, a doctor with ties to Florida described as playing a central role in the death of the president.More suspects: Two Americans are among at least 20 people who have been detained thus far. Several of the people under investigation met in the months before the killing to discuss rebuilding the country once the president was out of power, Haitian police said.Years of instability: The assassination of Mr. Moise comes after years of instability in the country, which has long suffered lawlessness, violence and natural disasters.

Mr. Saint-Lot said he would like to learn the truth about the death of Mr. Moise. But as the investigation has descended into a morass of politicized and conflicting reports, he and others have begun to despair that the people behind the assassination might never be unmasked.

Last week, Haiti’s chief prosecutor called on the caretaker prime minister, Ariel Henry, to answer questions about the plot.

Mr. Henry, denying any connection with the crime, on Monday ordered the prosecutor, as well as the justice minister who used to oversee him, removed from their positions.

On Tuesday, the prosecutor issued an order prohibiting Mr. Henry from leaving the country, and laying out evidence that he said connected Mr. Henry to the assassination: telephone records that showed Mr. Henry had conversations with one of the chief suspects in the case after the killing.


The funeral of President Jovenel Moise after his assassination in July.Credit…Federico Rios for The New York Times

But it is unclear what authority the prosecutor, Bed-Ford Claude, had to do so, since he had handed control of the case to a judge weeks ago and had been officially dismissed by Mr. Henry a day earlier.

Amid the political confusion, the head of the Senate, Joseph Lambert, attempted to have himself sworn in as president of the country on Tuesday evening — before the move was derailed by the eruption of gunshots in a crowd around Parliament in downtown Port-au-Prince, and by opposition from the international community, including the United States.

On Wednesday, small demonstrations erupted throughout the city as different political factions again took to the streets. The protests, which have disrupted traffic, have only added to the frustration of many Haitians.

“The country can’t carry on like this,” Mr. Saint-Clair said. “The problems it faces are enormous.”

Milo Milfort and Harold Isaac contributed reporting from Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

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